“With simple hacking, hackers can understand unauthorized personal information that you may not want to disclose. Learn about these common hacking techniques, such as phishing, DDoS, clickjacking, etc., to facilitate your personal safety.”
With simple hacking, hackers can understand unauthorized personal information that you may not want to disclose. Learn about these common hacking techniques, such as phishing, DDoS, clickjacking, etc., to facilitate your personal safety.
An ethical hacker can be called an illegal activity by modifying the functionality of the system and exploiting its vulnerabilities to obtain unauthorized information.In this world where most things happen online, hackers offer hackers a wider range of opportunities to gain unauthorized access to non-confidential information such as credit card details, email account details and other personal information.
Therefore, it is also important to understand some of the hacking techniques that are commonly used to obtain your personal information in an unauthorized manner.
10 common hacking techniques
Let’s start with the best and simplest tool…
Keylogger is a simple software that records the key sequence and strokes of the keyboard into the machine’s log file. These log files may even contain your personal email ID and password. Also known as keyboard capture, it can be software or hardware. While software-based keyloggers target programs installed on computers, hardware devices face keyboards, electromagnetic radiation, smartphone sensors, and the like.
Keylogger is one of the main reasons why online banking sites offer you the option to use virtual keyboards. Therefore, be careful when operating your computer in a public environment.
9. Denial of Service (DoS \ DDoS)
A denial of service attack is a hacking technique that shuts down a site or server by flooding a large amount of traffic to a server or server that prevents the server from processing all requests and eventually crashing in real time. This popular technology, the attacker uses a large number of requests to flood the target computer to flood the resources, which in turn limits the implementation of the actual request.
For DDoS attacks, hackers often deploy botnets or zombies that can only flood your system with request packets. Over time, as malware and hacker types continue to evolve, the scale of DDoS attacks continues to increase.
8. Puddle attack
If you are a loyal fan of Discovery or National Geographic Channel, you can easily connect with the Pool Attack. In order to poison a place, in this case, the hacker will hit the physical point where the victim is most accessible.
For example, if the source of the river is poisoned, it will attack the entire fauna in the summer. In the same way, hackers target the most visited physical locations to attack victims. That can be a cafe, a cafeteria, etc.
Once hackers know your time, using this type of hacking, they may create a fake Wi-Fi access point and modify your most visited website to redirect it to you to get your personal information. Because this attack collects user information from a specific location, it is more difficult to detect an attacker. One of the best ways to protect yourself from this type of hacking is to follow basic security practices and keep the software/operating system up to date.
7. Fake WAP
Even for fun, hackers can use software to forge wireless access points. This WAP is connected to the official public place WAP. Once you connect to a fake WAP, the hacker can access your data, just like the example above.
This is one of the easiest to implement attacks, requiring only a simple software and wireless network. Anyone can name their WAP a legal name like “Heathrow Airport WiFi” or “Starbucks WiFi” and start monitoring you. One of the best ways to protect yourself from such attacks is to use high-quality VPN services.
6. Eavesdropping (passive attack)
Unlike other attacks that use passive attacks for natural activities, hackers simply monitor computer systems and networks to get some unwanted information.
The motivation behind eavesdropping is not to damage the system but to get some information without being identified. These types of hackers can target email, instant messaging, telephony, web browsing and other communication methods. Those who are addicted to such activities are usually black hat hackers, government agencies, and so on.
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Phishing is a hacking technique that hackers use to replicate the most visited websites and capture victims by sending fraudulent links. Combined with social engineering, it has become one of the most common and deadly attack vectors.
Once the victim attempts to log in or enter some data, the hacker will use the Trojan running on the fake website to get the private information of the target victim. Phishing with iCloud and Gmail accounts is an attack on hackers targeting the “Fappening” vulnerability, which involves many Hollywood female celebrities.
4. Viruses, Trojan horses, etc.
Viruses or Trojan horses are malware programs that are installed into the victim’s system and continuously send victim data to the hacker. They can also lock your files, provide fraudulent ads, transfer traffic, sniff your data or spread it to all computers connected to your network.
You can read the comparisons and differences between various malware, worms, Trojan horses, etc. by visiting the links given below.
3. Click on “Jack Attack”
ClickJacking also has a different name, UI Redress. In this attack, the hacker hides the actual UI that the victim should click on. This behaviour is very common in app downloads, movie streaming and torrent sites. Although most of them use this technology to earn advertising fees, others can use it to steal your personal information.
In other words, in this type of hacking, the attacker hijacks the victim’s clicks, which are not for the exact page, but for the page the hacker wants. It works by tricking Internet users into performing unwanted actions by clicking on a hidden link.
2. The cookie was stolen
The browser’s cookie retains our personal data, such as the browsing history, username and password of the different sites we visit. Once a hacker gains access to a cookie, he can even authenticate himself on the browser. A popular way to perform this attack is to encourage the user’s IP packets to pass through the attacker’s computer.
Also known as SideJacking or Session Hijacking, this attack is easy to perform if the user does not use SSL (https) throughout the session. On sites where you enter your password and bank details, it’s important to encrypt your connection.
Bait and switch
Using bait and switching hacking techniques, an attacker can purchase ad slots on the site. Later, when the user clicks on the ad, he may be directed to a webpage infected with malware. This way, they can install malware or adware on your computer. The ads and download links shown in this technology are very attractive and users are expected to click on the same content.
A hacker can run a malicious program that the user thinks is true. This way, hackers can have no access to your computer after installing a malicious program on your computer.